Palestine 1896 (1897)
Original title: La Palestina en 1896
|Directors||Auguste Lumiere, Alexandre Promio|
|Countries||France Israel Palestine|
(Original) La Palestina en 1896
(Alternative) Alexandre Promio en Turquie
CategoriesActuality Film Bishop Black and White Documentary Islam Istanbul Jerusalem Jew Judaism Muslim Ottoman Empire Palestine People Prayer Religion Short Silent Film Travel Via Dolorosa Wailing Wall DocumentaryShortActuality Film, Bishop, Black and White, Islam, Istanbul, Jerusalem, Jew, Judaism, Muslim, Ottoman Empire, Palestine, People, Prayer, Religion, Silent Film, Travel, Via Dolorosa, Wailing Wall
The collection of films produced by the Lumiere brothers shows different scenes from Jerusalem and around Palestine in 1896. Alexandre Promio manage to capture two religions living side by side, both Jews and Muslims, during the Ottoman Empire. He had some difficulty getting his camera to be accepted. Originally there are 22 parts to the series of films from the trip Alexandre Promio made to Turkey(and Palestina), but the usual find of this is a collection under separate titles like "Palestine 1896", "Jaffa Gate in Jerusalem", "Jerusalem, Jaffa Gate, East Side", "Leaving Jerusalem by Railway" and "The Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem" combining together some of these films into differnt clips. The scenes are filmed in Jaffa, Jerusalem, Bethlehem, Beirut, Damascus, and Constantinople.
The scene "Leaving Jerusalem by Railway" contains what is possibly the first depiction of camera movement in the history of film.
There is a colored and upscaled version on Youtube of "Palestine 1896", sadly made from very bad source material.
Title from the list of negatives deposited at the French Cinémathèque in 1946.
I must say, after seeing what is available of this, it is a very valuable look into Jerusalem at the time - to see the three religions side by side before Israel was a state. For me, it looks very friendly, busy and gives the feels of a time now a bit lost to the western eye. It does give a bit of hope for there being times like these again. Kudos to Lumiere for sending Alexandre Promio to the Holy Land and recording a piece of history.